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Ceaseless Reward Even After Death

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Abu Hurairah narrated that Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said,

When a man dies, his good deeds come to an end except three: ongoing charity, beneficial knowledge, and righteous offspring who will pray for him.” (Muslim)

Commenting on this hadith, Imam An-Nawawi (may Allah have mercy on him) said,

“The scholars said, the meaning of this hadith is that the deeds of the deceased come to an end as soon as he or she dies, and the renewal of reward ceases for him or her, except in these three cases because he or she is the cause of them:

• his or her offspring is counted among his or her earnings,

• the knowledge that he or she leaves behind through teaching or writing,

• ongoing charity, i.e., a waqf (Islamic endowment).”

The narration below adds further details:

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said,

Among the acts and good deeds that will reach a believer after his death are:

knowledge which he learned and then spread;

a righteous son whom he leaves behind;

a copy of the Qur’an that he leaves as a legacy;

a mosque that he built;

a house that he built for wayfarers;

a canal that he dug;

or charity that he gave during his lifetime when he was in good health.

These deeds will reach him after his death.” (Ibn Majah — authenticated by Al-Albani)

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